There are 47 countries on the African continent, including the disputed territory of Western Sahara. However, the islands off the coast are also usually listed as. All 54 independent countries of Africa in alphabetical order, from Algeria to Zimbabwe. Always up-to-date and accurate information. Countries In Africa Currently, there are between 47 and 55 countries on the continent of Africa. The most accurate count of countries for the continent of Africa is. Retrieved 4 October Most of such violations occur for political reasons, often as a side effect of civil war. Christianity entered Africa through Egypt from Judaea while the Arab expansion into Egypt in the 7th century introduced Islam to the continent. Surrounded by water from all directions, Africa is a continent with clearly determined and absolutely accurate borders. Morocco's annexation of this territory has not been recognized internationally. Sonni Ali seized Timbuktu in and Jenne in , building his regime on trade revenues and the cooperation of Muslim merchants. Africa became home to communities of hunter-gatherers an estimated , to , years BP. Regional economic communities in Africa. The 7 Continents of the World 7 Continents, 5 Oceans and Desert Information. This includes Western Sahara, which Marocco does not recognise as an independent country.